When seeking a job, you need to present your document to your potential employer known as a CV or a resume. There are several differences between a CV and a resume but the purpose is the same. That is to introduce your potential employer. This document highlights your education, work experience, and skills that you need to possess to perform a job.
After matching your expertise with the job specifications, your hiring manager will call you for an interview. He will test your eligibility in an interview to determine whether you are a suitable candidate for the job.
It is one of the fundamental parts that counts for your eligibility, for the desired job. The difference between the CV and the Resume can be noticed from their contradictory meanings and origin.

Origin and History of Terms

The term “Curriculum Vitae” belongs to the Latin language that is abbreviated as “CV”, which means “one’s life span”. In 1482, Leonardo de Vinci produced the first proficient CV. And, in 1984, the first guidelines to prepare the CVs got introduced. On the other hand, the word resume comes from the French term “Resumer” which means “to provide abridgments”.

Recently, the advent of the internet also revolutionised the resume. Hence, both of them contain the content for job purposes. But there are multiple differences between a CV and a resume. So, read on to find out what is suitable for your job application.

14 Differences between a CV and Resume Explained

1. Linearity

One of the basic differences between a CV and a Resume is its length. The former provides a descriptive form of one’s achievements, skills, experience. However, a resume provides an outline of these attainments, hence, it can be sketched on the limit of two pages.

In other words, a CV is lengthy and is often used for academic purposes. On the other hand, a resume is a precise portrayal of your skills and expertise in a field.

2. The difference in Introduction

It is necessary to provide your basic description including your biodata. When it comes to CV writing, you can also highlight your field of interest and hobbies. This information helps an employer to learn about your creative side or casual interests.

3. Information of education

The complete data of educational achievements is necessary for both resume and CV. But the latter differs because one can add the names of the institutions, achievements and duration of the study. It enhances the authenticity of the academic details of the applicant. In contrast, there are not many details in the resume as it is precise.


4. Additional Skills

The portrayal of extra skills such as knowing multiple languages and other technical skills is necessary for both. However, one can also highlight the level of proficiency for each skill in the CV as it can be lengthy. Apart from skills, one can also write about productive activities and hobbies that the company can utilize. Hence, it works as a source of making others inspire.

5. Work Experience

A resume needs a brief description of the certified work experience. It displays a positive image and the extent of eligibility of the candidate.

In a CV the candidate can describe those efforts and skills that he has experienced without any certification. It indicates that the applicant can be trained or utilized for a secondary skill.

6. Credentials

The applicant should provide the justifications of his eligibility for the job in his resume. Though, a CV can be introduced with credentials and the goals behind those credentials. Hence, it provides a more descriptive pathway to the individual.

7. Accomplishments

It is beneficial for the job-applicant to provide his specifically relevant accomplishments in the resume. But a CV can possess a complete list of relevant accomplishments which highlight the productivity of the applicant. So, it differs from a resume in this aspect as well.

8. Honors Degree

A candidate must mention an honors degree in his resume if he possesses one. On the other hand, a CV provides the space to do the summary of that specific honor and its specialty. One can also highlight the motivation he or she had to pursue the honor’s degree.

9. Presentation and Lectures

Presentation and lectures require self-learning and the ability to make people understand your point of view. A resume does not require information regarding the presentation. A CV can be edited with a description of the number of lectures and presentations offered in a particular field.

10. Format

One of the main differences between a CV and a resume is the format and appearance. When it comes to a resume, it contains the introduction and contact, goals, professional history, education, and skills.
Besides, the expectant can also add the publications, presentations, achievements, and hobbies, at the end of a CV.

11. Mode of job

The decision of utilizing a Resume or a CV depends upon the mode of job. For instance, the academic world requires the CV of the applicant, but the candidate can provide his resume for the industry job. Hence, the applicant has to decide the submission of a CV or resume to his office.

12. Forewords and the book

A resume appears as an introduction, as a foreword, of a book. It provides basic ideas about the accomplishments of the person. However, CV appears as a complete book of those forewords because it makes the individuals aware of the level of intelligence, creativity, capability, and appropriateness of the individual.

13. Sensible objectives

It is a significant part of any resume or CV, where an individual describes the aim behind his efforts. But it is a few lines that describe the goal of the applicant in the Resume, however, in the CV, the passions of the candidates become obvious by the description of those rewards that he received.

14. Employment

For a beginner’s resume or CV, if you do not have previous employment experience you can add any internship experience. Both the types of documents need to state their employment experience along with the dates and tenure.
The resume in particular does not have any space to discuss the role, responsibilities and achievement on the job. On the other hand, a CV details how the job was performed, challenges encountered and overcome while in a company.

Why Companies prefer a Resume over a CV?

First, the companies prefer reading a resume because it is an outline to highlight the skills and experiences one has in a career. The HR managers do not invest time to read all the CV’s in a pool. So, the employer glances at a resume and decides within 10 seconds whether to shortlist a candidate.

Secondly, the focus of the hiring manager is on a face-to-face interview or an online interview to evaluate an applicant. In this interview, a potential candidate is inquired about his previous job and accomplishments. For a technical job, the candidate is also given a case to solve on the spot. It determines the mindfulness and troubleshooting ability on a job.

Final Words

Here we sum up the main differences between a CV and a resume. We found that the former is a more descriptive presentation of personal attributes, achievements and skills. A resume on the other hand outlines the achievements and experiences of a candidate throughout the career.
We hope now you know how a resume differs from a CV. If you need any more help with CV or resume writing, contact the British Essay Writers Empire for expert help.